Voice of Resilience: Unveiling the Humanitarian Tragedy of Palestinian Women in the Lens of Umm Sa'd

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Nur Hidayah
Nasih Burhani


This article aims to discuss the humanitarian crisis that Palestinian women refugees have to face in the novel Umm Sa‘d by Ghassan Kanafani. This humanitarian crisis is a result of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 1948 Nakba incident, which continues to this day. This article reveals and analyzes the humanitarian crisis faced by Palestinian women in this novel using the state-ibuism approach and qualitative descriptive methods. State-ibuism is defined as the ideology of women’s actions in taking care of their family, group, or state to support male power. Kanafani’s main idea for Palestinian women to rebuild the Palestinian national narrative is a pro-natal movement using their wombs. Their wombs are positioned as a battlefield for the Israel and Palestine movements to determine the definition of their nation. This article contributes to providing an understanding of the role of Palestinian women in rebuilding the idea of a Palestinian national narrative, which makes the womb of Palestinian women a tool and a strategy for population dominance through statistical politics.


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Hidayah, Nur, and Nasih Burhani. “Voice of Resilience: Unveiling the Humanitarian Tragedy of Palestinian Women in the Lens of Umm Sa’d”. Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 18, no. 2 (March 1, 2024): 25-48. Accessed May 20, 2024. https://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/1124.


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