A Historiographical Analysis of Al-Ma'mūn's Motives in the Miḥna

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Ahmad Fathan Aniq

Abstract

This article investigates historians’ perspectives on al-Maʾmūn’s motives in the Miḥna concerning the createdness of the Qurʾān (khalq al-Qur’ān). Two prevailing approaches are identified for comprehending the caliph’s motives. The first suggests that the Miḥna represents al-Maʾmūn’s attempt to maintain his political authority amid the increasing influence of the ulema (muḥaddithūn). The second posits the Miḥna as al-Ma'mūn’s initiative to impose his religious perspective on society. Using historiographical analysis, this article argues that the two approaches should not be viewed in isolation but can be integrated to comprehensively understand the caliph’s motives in the Miḥna.

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AniqAhmad Fathan. “ A Historiographical Analysis of Al-Ma’mūn’s Motives in the Miḥna ”. Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 18, no. 1 (November 29, 2023): 99-114. Accessed March 1, 2024. https://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/1049.
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