Konsep dan Teori Kurikulum dalam Dunia Pendidikan
AbstractThe concept of curriculum develops along side with the development of
education. It is also varied according to schools of thought and the theories it upholds.
The value of curriculum cannot be looked at only from the written document. It must
also be judged from its implementation in the classes. Curriculum is not merely a written
teaching plan. It is also a function that operates in the classes, a guideline and regulations
for both the milieu and activities in these classes. For this reason, curriculum can be
understood as a set of regulations that a student must undergo in order to achieve
certain degree or certificate. In the meantime, theory is a set of statements that are
orderly structured in a way that give functional meaning to a series of events. The theory
of curriculum includes: the concept of curriculum, its assignment, development, design,
implementation and evaluation. There are three concepts however in relation to curriculum,
namely (1) curriculum as a substance, (2) curriculum as a system, and (3) curriculum as
a field of study. Concerning the later, curriculum has become the subject of study by the
experts in the field of education and teaching. The aim of curriculum as a field of study
is to develop a science of curriculum and its system.