Kritik Abdul Karim Amrullah terhadap Rābiṭah di Minangkabau dalam Tafsir Al-Burhān

  • Helfi Helfi Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bukittinggi Sumatera Barat
Keywords: Abdul Karim Amrullah; tarekat; innovation; rābiṭah.

Abstract

This article explores the thought of Abdul Karim Amrullah on the issue of rābiah in Minangkabau. He is regarded as very critical in responding social and cultural life, especially relating to tarekat. All behaviors of society should have basis from the Qur’an and Sunnah. All acts which are not based on the Qur’an and Sunnah are considered as innovation (bid‘ah) that should be avoided. Amrullah categorically rejected rābiah for there was no sharī‘ah basis for it, although the kaum tua (conservative) in Minangkabau attempted to conserve rābiah in their surau. Rābiah as one of wasīlah (mediator) is understood as a medium to reach God through substitute face. What is meant is the murshid who taught their followers to achieve the determined position in their own tarekat. Amrullah’s criticism towards rābiah in Minangkabau initially resulted in resistence, especially among the founder of tarekat. However, in the course of time the issue of tarekat declined, and even underwent significant decay in Minangkabau.

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Published
2018-03-02
How to Cite
Helfi, Helfi. “Kritik Abdul Karim Amrullah Terhadap Rābiṭah Di Minangkabau Dalam Tafsir Al-Burhān”. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 12, no. 2 (March 2, 2018): 481-506. Accessed December 18, 2018. http://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/457.
Section
Articles