Kritik Abdul Karim Amrullah terhadap RÄbiá¹ah di Minangkabau dalam Tafsir Al-BurhÄn
This article explores the thought of Abdul Karim Amrullah on the issue of rÄbiá¹ah in Minangkabau. He is regarded as very critical in responding social and cultural life, especially relating to tarekat. All behaviors of society should have basis from the Qurâ€™an and Sunnah. All acts which are not based on the Qurâ€™an and Sunnah are considered as innovation (bidâ€˜ah) that should be avoided. Amrullah categorically rejected rÄbiá¹ah for there was no sharÄ«â€˜ah basis for it, although the kaum tua (conservative) in Minangkabau attempted to conserve rÄbiá¹ah in their surau. RÄbiá¹ah as one of wasÄ«lah (mediator) is understood as a medium to reach God through substitute face. What is meant is the murshid who taught their followers to achieve the determined position in their own tarekat. Amrullahâ€™s criticism towards rÄbiá¹ah in Minangkabau initially resulted in resistence, especially among the founder of tarekat. However, in the course of time the issue of tarekat declined, and even underwent significant decay in Minangkabau.