Paradigma Dakwah Islam Fethullah Gulen di Abad Kontemporer

Keywords: Fethullah Gulen, Gulen Movement, Gulen’s da’wah, cosmopolitanism, hizmet

Abstract

This article seeks to examine Fethullah Gulen’s da‘wah activities by which he integrates his movement into the globalized world. Despite the fact that Turkish Coup in 2016 tarnished Gulen and his movement, and scholars come to question Gulen’s intentions, Gulen’s activities are to be explored so as for Islamic movements somewhere else to emulate his success in da‘wah. This article offers a perspective using the da‘wah approach. Question under discussion in this article is as to which steps of da‘wah lead Gulen movement to be a respected Islamic movement prior to the 2016. Gulen managed to widen the da‘wah from merely conventional da‘wah such a that of preaching into educations, dialogues, and economic. It is indeed Gulen’s emotional preaching that fascinates listeners and drives them voluntarily to engage in his activities of da‘wah and to give hand to his missionary works which include building schools, TV stations, radios, hospitals, and banks. Gulen’s da‘wah in economic goes in line with his effort to broaden his influence on international level which in turn leads the movement integrated into the global economy. It is interfaith dialogue and pluralism that bring Gulen into integrating Islam with cosmopolitanism in the globalized world. Muslims no longer belong solely to ummah, but they are citizen of the globalized world.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agai, Bekim. “The Gulen Movement’s Islamic Ethic of Education.” Critique, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002.

Aras, Bulent dan Caha, Omer. “Fethullah Gulen and His Liberal ‘Turkish Islam’ Movement.” Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2000.

Aras, Bulent. “Turkish Islam’s Moderate Face,” Middle East Quarterly, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1998.

Arslan, Berna. “Pious Science: The Gulen Community and the Making of a Conservative Modernity in Turkey”. Disertasi--University of California, 2009.

Aslandogan, Yuksel A. dan Cetin, Muhammed. “The Educational Philosophy of Gulen in Thought and Practice,” dalam R.A. Hunt dan Y.A. Aslandogan (eds.) Muslim Citizens of the Globalized World. Contributions of the Gulen Movement. Somerset, NJ: The Light & IID Press, 2006.

Aziz, Sammy. “An Examination of the Dershane Phenomenon: Observations of Its Embodiment in the US and Turkey”. Tesis--Hartford Seminary, 2015.

Balci, Bayram. “Fethullah Gulen’s Missionary Schools in Central Asia and their Role in Spreading Turkism and Islam”, Religion, State and Society, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2003.

Bernard, Phyllis E. “The Hizmet Movement in Business, Trade, and Commerce”, dalam Martin E. Marty (ed.) Hizmet Means Service. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2015.

Carroll, B. Jill. A Dialogue of Civilizations. Gulen’s Islamic Ideals and Humanistic Discourse. New Jersey: The Light, 2007.

Celik, Gurkan. “The Gulen Movement: Building Social Cohesion through Dialogue and Education”. Disertasi--Tilburg University, 2008.

Dorsey, James M. “Fethullah Gulen: Moderniser or Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing?” Rajaratnam School of International Studies, No. 182, 18 Juli 2016.

Ergene, Mehmet Enes. Tradition Witnessing the Modern Age: an Analysis of the Gulen Movement. Istanbul: The Light, 2008.

Goldberg, Andreas. “Islam in Germany,” dalam Islam, Europe’s Second Religion. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

Gulay, Erol N. “The Theological Thought of Fethullah Gulen: Reconciling Science and Islam”. Tesis--St Anthony’s College, University of Oxford, 2007.

Gulen, Fethullah. Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism: Emerald Hills of the Heart, Vol. 1-3. Rutherford, NJ: The Fountain, t.th.

-----. The Essentials of the Islamic Faith. New Jersey: The Light, 2005.

-----. Toward a Global Civilization of Love and Tolerance. London: Truestar, 2004.

Keles, Ozcan. “Promoting Human Rights Values in the Muslim World: The Case of the Gulen Movement”, dalam Ihsan Yilmas (eds.) Muslim World in Transition: Contributions of the Gulen Movement. Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University Press, 2007.

Keskin, Tugrul. “A Comparative Analysis of Islamist Movements in the Neoliberalization Process: Jama’at-e Islami in Pakistan and the Fethullah Gulen Movement in Turkey—Reactions to Capitalism, Modernity and Secularism”. Disertasi--Blacksburg, Virginia, 2009.

Khamami, Akhmad Rizqon. “Dialog antar-iman dalam Perspektif Fethullah Gulen”, Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2012.

-----. “Erdoğan versus Gülen: Perebutan Pengaruh antara Islam Politik Post-Islamis dengan Islam Kultural Apolitik,” al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016.

-----. “Integrasi Sains dan Agama: Perspektif Fethullah Gulen”. Disertasi--UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2016.

-----. “Tasawuf Tanpa Tarekat: Pengalaman Turki dan Indonesia”, Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016.

Kim, Heon Choul. “The Nature and Role of Sufism in Contemporary Islam: A Case Study of the Life, Thought and Teachings of Fethullah Gulen”. Disertasi—Temple University, 2008.

Kuru, Ahmet T. “Globalization and Diversification of Islamist Movements: Three Turkish Cases,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 120, No. 2, 2005.

Marty, Martin E. Hizmet Means Service. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2015.

Michel, Thomas. “Fethullah Gulen as Educator,” dalam Hakan Yavuz dan John L. Esposito (eds.) Turkish Islam and the Secular State: The Gulen Movement. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2003.

-----. “Sufism and Modernity in the Thought of Fethullah Gulen,” The Muslim World, Vol. 95, No. 3, 2005.

Ozdalga, Elizabeth. “Following in the Footsteps of Fethullah Gulen,” dalam Hakan Yavuz dan John L. Esposito (eds.) Turkish Islam and the Secular State. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2003.

-----. “The Hidden Arab: A Critical Reading of the Notion of ‘Turkish Islam’”, Middle East Studies, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2006.

Ozyurek, Esra G. “’Feeling Tells Better than Language’: Emotional Expression and Gender Hierarchy in the Sermons of Fethullah Gulen Hocaefendi”, New Perspectives on Turkey, Vol. 16, 1997.

Saritoprak, Zeki. “An Islamic Approach to Peace and Nonviolence: A Turkish Experience”, The Muslim World, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2005.

Setyawan, Heri. “Nurturing Religious and Humanistic Values to Young Generations in Gulen and Jesuit Schools in Indonesia”, Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016.

Sevindi, Newal. Contemporary Islamic Conversation M. Fethullah Gulen on Turkey, Islam, and the West. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 2008.

Sunier, Thijl. “Cosmopolitan Theology: Fethullah Gulen and the Making of a Golden Generation,” Ethic and Racial Studies, Vol. 37, No. 12, 2014.

Tavernisa, Sabrina. “Tukish Schools Offer Pakistan a Gentler Vision of Islam,” New York Time, 4 Mei 2008.

Turam, Berna. Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Unal, Ali dan Williams, Alphonse. Advocate of Dialogue: Fethullah Gulen. Fairfax, VA: The Fountain, 2000.

Weller, Paul. “Dialogue as a Source for Peaceful Co-Existence Between Muslim and Orthodox Christians in a Secular State,” dalam Ihsan Yilmas (eds.) Peaceful Coexistence: Fethullah Gulen’s Initiatives in the Contemporary World. Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University Press, 2007.

Yavuz, Hakan and Koc, Rasim. “The Turkish Coup Attempt: The Gulen Movement vs. The State,” Middle East Policy, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2016.

Yavuz, Hakan dan Balci, Bayram. “The Gulen Movement and the Coup”, dalam Turkey’s July 15th Coup: What Happened and Why (Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2018.

Yavuz, Hakan. “The Gulen Movement, The Turkish Puritans”, dalam Hakan Yavuz dan John L. Esposito, Turkish Islam and the Secular State. The Gulen Movement. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2003.

-----. “The Three Stages of the Gulen Movement: From Pietistic Weeping Movement to Power-Obsessed Structure”, dalam Turkey’s July 15th Coup: What Happened and Why. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2018.

-----. Islamic Political Identity in Turkey. London: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Yilmas, Ihsan. Peaceful Coexistence: Fethullah Gulen’s Initiatives in the Contemporary World. Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University Press, 2007.

Zurcher, Erik J. dan Linden, Heleen van der. “Searching for the Fault-Line. A Survey of the Role of Turkish Islam in the Accession of Turkey to the European Union in the Light of the Clash of Civilization”, dalam The European Union, Turkey and Islam. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2004.

Zurcher, Erik J. Turkey: A Modern History. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007.

Published
2018-11-29
How to Cite
Khamami, Akhmad. “Paradigma Dakwah Islam Fethullah Gulen Di Abad Kontemporer”. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 12, no. 2 (November 29, 2018): 358-383. Accessed December 18, 2018. http://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/454.
Section
Articles