Pemikiran Teologis AbÃ» á¸¤anÃ®fah tentang IrjÃ¢â€˜ dan ShafÃ¢â€˜at
This article deals with the theological thought of AbÃ» á¸¤anÃ®fah on the concepts of irjÃ¢â€˜ and shafÃ¢â€˜ah. On the concept of irjÃ¢â€˜, AbÃ» á¸¤anÃ®fah fully returns the legitimacy of â€˜UthmÃ¢n b. â€˜AffÃ¢n as the third caliph and the superiority of â€˜AlÃ® b. AbÃ® á¹¬Ã¢lib merely to the authority of Allah. This concept rejects the Khariji doctrine on the expulsion of the wrong doers (sinful people) from the Muslim community, a rejection which implies that â€˜UthmÃ¢n is a legally accepted caliph. This concept also rejects the early ShÃ®â€˜i doctrine on the superiority of â€˜AlÃ®, and ranks al-KhulafÃ¢â€™ al-RÃ¢shidÃ»n (the rightly guided caliphs) in accordance with their advantages and historical chronology. On the concept of shafÃ¢â€˜ah, AbÃ» á¸¤anÃ®fah believes it as something that will happen on the Day of Judgment. The followers of the Prophet Muhammad must fulfill twelve requirements if they wish to receive shafÃ¢â€˜ah from the Prophet. To AbÃ» á¸¤anÃ®fah, the Prophetâ€™s shafÃ¢â€˜ah is certain for every Muslim although he/she committed great sin during his/her life except shirk bi AllÃ¢h.