Pemikiran Fiqh Ahmad Zahro tentang IstinbÃ¢á¹ ManhajÃ® sebagai Metode Perumusan Hukum Islam
This article examines how Ahmad Zahro establishes the concept of practical use of istinbÃ¢á¹ manhajÃ® in the establishment of Islamic law. In this case, although Zahro claims himself as a follower of a particular school in the field of fiqh, he chooses to use the manhajÃ® method, because this method is seen as being able to provide solutions to contemporary legal problems. The philoso-phical-juridical foundation built in his fiqh is maqÃ¢á¹£id al-sharÃ®â€˜ah and al-maá¹£laá¸¥ah al-mursalah while considering the level of legal sources as famous among mazhab scholars respectively; al-Qurâ€™Ã¢n, al-Sunnah, qiyÃ¢s, al-istiá¸¥lÃ¢á¹£, al-â€˜urf, al-istisá¸¥Ã¢b, etc., which are formulated as an operational instrument in istinbÃ¢á¹ al-á¸¥ukm. Among Indonesian Muslims, there are differences in approach to the use of istinbÃ¢á¹ al-á¸¥ukm; NU ulama use qawlÃ® approach, while Muhammadiyah ulama frequently use manhajÃ® approach. Therefore, Zahro specifically believes that what he initiates is an attempt to reconcile approaches of different schools of Muslim law by highlighting istinbÃ¢á¹ manhajÃ® as an option to establish an Islamic law.