Hukuman Mati: Dari Tradisi Arab Menuju Hukum Al-Qur'an

  • Dede Rodin Walisongo State Islamic University
Keywords: death penalty, qi???, ?ir?bah, inculturation

Abstract

The death penalty is the most Islamic law get resistance in its implementation. This resistance appears among others as a result of the symbolic understanding on the death penalty without understanding what and why this punishment stipulated in the Qur?an. Therefore, this article intends to answer the fundamental questions; how the concept of the death penalty in the Qur?an. This article resulted that the death penalty is one model of inculturation of the Qur?an to the existing tradition, with a change of paradigm regarding moral values and a more humane law, among others: (1) the principle of enforcement, from the original law ?vengeance? (vendetta, lex talionis, tha?r) to ?reply in kind?; (2) The motive for murder, of which initially involves all kinds of murder -including war- be designed killing and hir?bah only; (3) The prosecution, of which the extended family into the nuclear family; (4) accountability, from the collective responsibility to individual responsibility.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ab? Zahrah, Mu?ammad. al-Jar?mah wal al-?Uq?bah f? Fiqh al-Isl?m. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr al-?Arabiy, t.th.

?Akk (al), Kh?lid Abdurrahm?n. U??l al-Tafs?r wa Qaw??iduhu. Beirut: D?r al-Naf??is, 1986.

Am?n, A?mad. Fajr al-Isl?m. Kairo: Maktabah al-Nah?ah al-Mi?riyyah al-Namr, 1975.

?Asqal?niy (al), Ibn Hajar. Fat? al-B?r? Syar? ?a??? al-Bukh?riy, ta?q?q Mu?ammad Fu??d Abd al-B?qiy, Vol. XII. Beir?t: D?r al-Ma?rifah, 1379 H.

Awa (el), Mohamed Salim. Punishment in Islamic Law: A Comparative Study. Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 2000.

Coulson, Noel J. Hukum Islam dalam Perspektif Sejarah. terj. Hamid Ahmad, Jakarta: P3M, 1987.

Haneef, Sayed Sikandar. Homicide in Islam, Legal Structure and Evidence Requirements. Kualalumpur: AS. Noorden, 2000.

Hitti, Philip K. History of the Arabs. terj. R. Cecep Lukman Yasin, dkk, Jakarta: Serambi, 2005.

Ibn Kath?r, Ab? Fid?? Ism???l b. ?Umar. Tafs?r al-Qur??n al-A??m. cet ke-1, al-mu?aqqiq Mu?ammad Husain Syamsudd?n, Vol. I, Beirut: D?r al-Kutub al-?Ilmiyyah, 1419 H.

Lapidus, Ira M. Sejarah Sosial Umat Islam. Bagian Kesatu dan Kedua, terj. Gufron A. Mas?adi. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 1999.

Nur, Muhammad Tahmid, ?Polemik tentang Hukuman Mati dalam Perundang-undangan Nasional (Tinjauan Hukum Pidana Islam)?. Al-Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum & Syariah. Volume 4, No. 1, April 2014, Palopo: STAIN Palopo.

Program CD Al-Qur?an. Holy Quran. versi 6.50 terbitan Sakhr, 1997.

Program CD Hadis. Maus??at al-Had?s al-Syar?f. edisi 6.2, Harf Information Technology Company, 1998-2000.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Hukum dan Masyarakat. Bandung: Angkasa, 1990.

Ri??, Mu?ammad Rasy?d. Tafs?r al-Qur??n al-A??m (Tafs?r al-Man?r). Beirut: D?r Ihy?? al-Tur?th al-?Arabiy, 2002.

Roberts, Robert. The Social Laws of the Qoran. New Delhi, Kitab Bhavan, 1977.

S?biq, Sayyid. Fiqh al-Sunnah, Vol. III, Beirut: D?r al-Fikr, 1977.

Sahetapy, J.E. Suatu Studi Khusus Mengenai Ancaman Pidana Mati Terhadap Pembunuhan Berencana. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 1982.

Sahrur, Muhammad. Tirani Islam: Geneologi Masyarakat dan Negara, terj. Saifuddin Zuhri Qudsy dkk. Yogyakarta: LkiS, 2003.

Smith, W. Robertson. Kinship and Marriage in Early Arabia, New Edition, edited by Stanley A. Cook, London: Darf Publishers Ltd, 1990.

Sodikin, Ali. Hukum Qi???: Dari Tradisi Arab Menuju Hukum Islam. cet ke-1, Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2010.

Soeroso, Perbandingan Hukum Perdata. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 1993.

Soetapa, Djaka. Ummah Komunitas Religius, Sosial dan Politis dalam Al-Qur?an. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press, 1991.

Suy??iy (al), Jal?ludd?n. al-Durr al-Manth?r f? al-Tafs?r bi al-Ma?th?r. Vol. V, Beirut: D?r al-Fikr, t.th.

?aba??ab?iy (al), Mu?ammad al-Husein. al-M?z?n f? Tafs?r al-Qur??n. Vol. III, Beirut: Mu?assasah al?-A?lamiy li al-Ma?ba?ah, 1973.

Tibi, Bassam. Islam and the Cultural Accomodation of Social Change. transalated by Clare Krojzl, Oxford: Westview Press, 1991

Watt, W. Montgomery. Muhammad at Medina. Oxford: Oxford Unversity Press, 1966.

Wiz?rat al-Awq?f wa al-Syu??n al-Isl?miyyah. al-Maus??at al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah. Vol. XVII, Kuwait: D?r al-Sal?sil, 1427 H.

Zuhailiy (al), Wahbah. al-Fiqh al-Isl?miy wa Adillatuhu. Vol. VII, Beirut: D?r al-Fikr, 1997.

Published
2015-09-07
How to Cite
Rodin, Dede. “Hukuman Mati: Dari Tradisi Arab Menuju Hukum Al-Qur’an”. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 10, no. 1 (September 7, 2015): 169-197. Accessed July 2, 2020. http://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/257.
Section
Articles