Metodologi Hukum Islam Abd al-Ḥalîm Maḥmûd

  • M. Lathoif Ghozali Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Ijtih?d istinb?t?, ijtih?d tatb?q?, maq?sid al-shar??ah.

Abstract

This article discusses the concept of ijtihâd (legal reasoning) and the typology of legal thought of Abd al-Ḥalîm Maḥmûd. According to Maḥmûd, ijtihad is devoting all abilities of a mujtahid to arrive at the essence and substance of a problem intended by the Prophet Muhammad. This definition is supported by the division of ijtihâd into two: ijtihâd istinbât?, the object of which is the texts of the Qurân or the Sunnah, and ijtihâd tatbîqî, the object of which is legal problems of the time. Mahmud maintains that a mujtahid should meet certain qualifications such as the abilities of understanding Arabic language, memorizing the Qurân, understanding asbâb al-nuzûl (causes of revelation), memorizing the Traditions of the Prophet related to legal matters, and the brilliance in making legal reasoning and conclusions. Mahm?d belongs to moderate group that agrees with the formalization of private laws, while public laws in his view serve only as materials for national laws. Mahm?d also gives an emphasis on the integration between nass (text) and maqâsid al-sharîah (the objectives of law).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdillah, Masykuri. Demokrasi yang Religius: Membincang Kembali Konsep Demokrasi di Indonesia, Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar dalam bidang Fiqh Siyasah. UIN Jakarta, 2004.

?mid? (al), Ab? al-Hasan Sayyid al-D?n ?Al? b. Ab? ?Al? b. Muhammad b. S?lim al-Tha?lab?. al-Ihk?m fi Us?l al-Ahk?m. Beir?t: D?r al-Kutub al-Isl?m?yah, t.th.

Ans?r? (al), Jam?l al-D?n b. Manz?r. Lis?n al-?Arab, Vol. 3. Mesir: D?r al-Misr?yah li al-Ta?l?f wa al-Tarjamah, t.th.

?Az?m (al), ?Al? ?Abd. Mash?khat al-Azhar Mundh Nash??tih? Hatt? al-?n, Vol. 3. Kairo: D?r al-Ma??rif, t.th.

Coulson, Noel J. A History of Islamic Law. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1990.

Dahlan, ?Abd ?Az?z et al. Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam. Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Van Hoeva, 1996.

Departemen Agama RI, al-Qur??n dan Terjemahnya. Jakarta: CV. Jaya Sakti, 1989.

Departemen Agama RI, Dirjen BIMAS. Himpunan Fatwa Majlis Ulama Indonesia. Jakarta: t.p., 2003.

Hall?q, Wael B. A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunni Usul al-Fiqh. Cambridge: Cambrigde University Press, 1997.

Jawz?yah (al), Ibn Qayyim. I?l?m al-Muwaqqi??n ?an Rabb al-??lam?n. Beirut: D?r al-Jayl, 1973.

Ma?luf, Louis. al-Munjid fi al-Lughah wa al-?A?l?m. Beir?t: Maktabah D?r al-Mashriq, t.th.

Mahm?d, ?Abd al-Hal?m. al Hamd li All?h H?dhih Hay?t?. Kairo: D?r al-Ma??rif, t.th.

-----. Asr?r al-?Ib?dah f? al-Isl?m. Kairo: Maktabah Misr, 1966.

Mahm?d, Mun?? ?Abd al-Hal?m. Fat?w? ?Abd al-Hal?m Mahm?d. Kairo: D?r al-Ma??rif, 1979.

Mahfudz, M. A. Sahal. Ahkam al-Fuqaha: Solusi Problematika Hukum Islam. Surabaya: LTNU Jatim dan Diantama, 2004.

Majlis Tarjih, Tim PP Muhammadiyah. Tanya Jawab Agama 2. Yogyakarta: Suara Muhammadiyah, 2003.

Mans?r, S?lih b. ?Abd al-?Az?z ?Al?. Us?l al-Fiqh wa Ibn Taym?yah, Vol. 1. t.t.: t.p., 1985.

Qarad?w? (al), Y?suf. Ijtihad dalam Masyarakat Islam: Beberapa Pandangan Analitis tentang Ijtihad Kontemporer, terj. Achmad Syathori. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1987.

Rajab, ?Abd al-Ghan? ?Abd al-Ham?d. al-Im?m al-N?r?n? al-Z?hid: ?Abd al-Hal?m Mahm?d. t.t.: t.tp., t.th.

Ramad?n, Sa??d. Islamic Law: Its Scope and Equity. Kuala Lumpur: Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia, 1978.

Sal?mah, ?Abd All?h. al-Azhar al-Shar?f f? Daw? S?rat A?l?mih al-Ajill??. Kairo: Maktabat al-Aym?n, t.th.

-----. Nasr al-Azhar al-Shar?f. Kairo: Maktabat al-Im?m t.th.

Sarakhs? (al), Ahmad b. Ab? Sahl Ab? Bakr. Us?l al-Sarakhs?, Vol. 2. Beirut: D?r al-Muthaqqaf al-?Arab?, 1982.

Sh?fi?? (al), Muhammad b. Idr?s. al-Ris?lah. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr, 1996.

Shahrast?n? (al), Muhammad b. ?Abd al-Kar?m. al-Milal wa al-Nihal, Vol. 2. Kairo: al-B?b al-Halab?, 1967.

Shalab?, Ra??f. Shaykh al-Isl?m ?Abd al-Hal?m Mahm?d: S?r?tuh? wa ?Amaluh?. Kuwait: D?r al-Qalam, t.th.

Sh?tib? (al), Ab? Ish?q. al-Muw?faq?t f? Us?l al-Shar??ah, Vol. 4. Beir?t: D?r al-Kutub al- Isl?m?yah, t.th.

Subh, Muhammad ?Abd al-Mun?im Khafazi dan ?Al? ?Al?. al-Harak?t al-?Ilm?yah f? al-Azhar. Kairo: al-Maktabah al-Azhar?yah l? al-Tur?th, 2007.

Suy?t? (al), Jal?l al-D?n. al-Radd ?al? Man Akhlad il? al-Ard wa Jahul ann al-Ijtih?d f? Kull ?Asr Fard. Makkah: al-Jaz?ir, 1325 H.

T?s? (al), Ab? H?mid Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Ghaz?l?. al-Mustasf? min ?Ilm al-Us?l, Vol. 2. Bairut: D?r al-Kutub al-?Ilm?yah, 2000.

-----. Ihy?? Ul?m al-D?n, Vol. 2. Beir?t: D?r al-Fikr, t.th.

Yahya, Mukhtar dan Fatchurrahman. Dasar-dasar Pembinaan Hukum Fiqh Islami. Bandung: PT al-Ma?arif, 1986.

Yaman? (al), Muhammad b. ?Al? b. Muhammad b. ?Abd All?h al-Shawk?n?. Irsh?d al-Fuh?l il? Tahq?q al-Haqq min ?Ilm al-Us?l. Beir?t: D?r al-Kutub al-Isl?m?yah, t.th.

Zahrah, Muhammad Ab?. Us?l al-Fiqh. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr, t.th.

Zak?, Ahmad. Falsafat al-Tashr?? al-Isl?m?. Beir?t: D?r al-Kit?b al-Lubn?n?, 1979.

Zuhayl? (al), Wahbah. Us?l al-Fiqh al-Isl?m?. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr al-Isl?m?, 2001.

Published
2014-09-01
How to Cite
GhozaliM. Lathoif. “Metodologi Hukum Islam Abd Al-Ḥalîm Maḥmûd”. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 9, no. 1 (September 1, 2014): 136-160. Accessed September 21, 2020. http://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/207.
Section
Articles