Ideologi dan Epistemologi Kitab Tuá¸¥fat al-RÃ¢ghibÃ®n Karya Muhammad Arshad al-Banjari
Tuhfat al-RÃ¢ghibÃ®n is the first book of theology for Banjarese besides the book of UsÃ»l al-DÃ®n. This book focuses not on the area of surface-structure (outer aspects) but particularly on the deep-structure area (inner aspects). The deep-structure study will help interpret the meaning of the book in its relation to the historical, social, and political context. This paper will explore the deep-structure area which consists of two problems, namely the ideology and the epistemology of Tuhfat al-RÃ¢ghibÃ®n. This study concludes that the ideology of the book is Sunn?, and the epistemology of the book is bayÃ¢nÃ®. It is based on an analysis that the source of the book is text (nass), its method is qiyÃ¢s and ijtihÃ¢d, and the rational argument in the book is used as a means of justification, although it still maintains a balance between revelation and rationalism. In addition, the type of argument is defensive-apologetic, the validity of its argument is the conformity of text to the reality, while the basic principle is infisÃ¢l (discontinuance) and tajwÃ®z (permissiveness).