Suksesi Kepemimpinan Arab Pra-Islam dan Periode al-Khulaf?? al-Rashidin

  • Biyanto Biyanto Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Abstract

This article analyses the character and nature of succession in the Pre-Islamic  Arabic society and in the period of al-Khulaf al-Rashidin. It assumes that both periods share a lot in common in terms of conditions of leadership, which include seniority, bravery, generosity, good and noble family background, and the ability to safeguard the tribe. The principle of consultation (mush?warah), which Islam talks about on many occasions, is also present in the two periods. This is despite the fact that during the period of al-Khulaf al-Rashidin there were such practices as direct election in the case of Abi Bakr and Al b. Abi Talib-, appointment by the former caliph ?in the case of  Umar b. Khattib- and election by a committee appointed by the caliph in the case of  Uthm?n b. Affin.

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Published
2006-09-04
How to Cite
Biyanto, Biyanto. “Suksesi Kepemimpinan Arab Pra-Islam Dan Periode Al-Khulaf?? Al-Rashidin”. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 1, no. 1 (September 4, 2006): 76-85. Accessed May 26, 2020. http://islamica.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/islamica/article/view/10.
Section
Articles